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PrzemysłDrzewny –27 Smardzewski J () Komputerowo zintegrowane wytwarzanie mebli. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne, Poznań. Komputerowo zintegrowane wytwarzanie mebli. Jerzy Smardzewski. Köp Komputerowy zapis konstrukcji mebli w srodowisku TopSolid. pilotowych (częściej spotykana jest w sektorze budownictwa czy produkcji mebli [10]), Łącznie z kosztami związanymi z wytwarzaniem daje to więc ok. .. energii odpadowej), komputerowe wspomaganie projektowania. .. ruchu w sposób zintegrowany pozwala na alokację środków inwestycyjnych w.

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Click here to download the book of abstracts. Click here to see the book of abstracts online. Gazi University, Turkey — Re-reading a case of architecture in a historic site: The requirement for an intersection point that connects the intercity and in-city railway transportation in Ankara is finalized with a new multifunctional building that is planned to answer the needs of increased density, mobility, and speed, currently under construction.

Holding the potential to host a great number of people, with such a location, the project appears as a priceless opportunity for architecture to arrive at a novice transition of the architecture of early 20th century. Rumor has it that the old terminal building is to become a hotel and a conference center reminding a similar case in Washington DC Railway Terminal and criticisms on it. With this scene on view, the explanations on sensibility for the historic site are unconvincing about not being a scheme that is calculated solely on financial gain.

On this discussion the authors are going to pay a special emphasis on how the building is perceived with reference to the historic urban landscape and try to interpret whether it constitutes a threat for the identity of the site.

Furniture Design – E-bok – Jerzy Smardzewski () | Bokus

Gazi University, Turkey — The challenge of preserving the integrity of Ankara: The current wytwagzanie attack, devaluation and destruction campaign on the heritage of the Modern stratum of Ankara is an attempt that damages the integral unity of the stratified city as a whole; whereas the counter-argument being developed wgtwarzanie Turkey to protect these heritage resources is also ideology based, which the authors think that provokes more destruction.

This attempt would illuminate how a neutral discourse on the historic resources of the city makes it possible to discuss risk prevention in the context of integrity. It wytwarzanid be a theoretical contribution to heritage policies on risk definitions and to integrity discourses coming out mbli the current urban heritage loss, which might be massive if not prevented, in the Capital of Turkey, Ankara. Journal of Ankara Studies1 1, June komputerowp Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, India — Role of cultural sustainability of a tribe in developing a timeless cultural landscape: Surrounded by blue hills komputerwo topographically cut off from the rest of the populated areas, the Ziro Valley puts forth a physical narrative of the co-existence of man and nature.

Tucked in the lower ranges of the eastern Himalayas in North-East India, the valley was initially a swampy wasteland. Its development to the present status of terraced farmlands surrounded by woodlands testifies the sheer hard work of the Apatani Tribe. The Apatanis have a distinct socio-cultural fabric with systematic land use practices and rich wytsarzanie ecological knowledge of natural resources management and conservation, acquired over the centuries through informal experimentation.

The trademark of the tribe is the judicious utilization of limited land area. There are separate areas for human settlement, wet rice cultivation, dry cultivation, community burial grounds, pine and bamboo gardens, private plantations zintegrowxne community forests. The flat valley is used for wet-rice cultivation where along with paddy, fish is also reared.

They efficiently conserve watersheds ensuring perennial streams flowing into the valley. The landscape demonstrates the shared values, social cohesion of the tribe through rows of bamboo houses continuing into one another with shared walls, bereft of individual plot boundaries. The tribe has a colorful culture with festivals celebrating nature, intricate handlooms, and skills in cane-bamboo crafts. This has made Ziro Valley a good example of a living cultural landscape where man zlntegrowane environment have harmoniously existed together in a state of msbli even through changing times.

This research paper of the Apatani customs provides solutions at a time when scholars are struggling with ways to mobilize community involvement in developmental works. It also aims to highlight the Apatani cultural meblj, crucial for their recognition and subsequent preservation of these systems which are under serious threats of globalisation to disrupt the very fabric of the system unless appropriate actions are taken in time.

Tracing the history of komputrrowo built environment within these boundaries one sees the evolution of a cultural landscape that symbolizes freedom, the greatness and struggle of humanity, education and creativity in addition to the corporate consumerism of the Post World-War II period. As a designed corporate and cultural landscape, the architecture of Crown Center honors the monumentalism of the historic Liberty Memorial and Union Station while also layering the materials of modernity in its high rises, walkways, fountains and public spaces.


In addressing the aim of the conference I will explore the compromise and foresight of Crown Center developers as they designed the corporate landscape to work in tandem with the natural topography and existing built environment.

However visit to Palmyra wytwarzanje an obligatory destination to Syrians and myriads of tourists, the site and its architectural monuments created a spectacular base to research the intercultural exchange between the East and West. One of its topic is a building technique being independently developed in Palmyra between the 1th century AD until the Zintegrowame conquer of the rebellious town by the Aurelian.

Program for recovery of the situation is indispensable. There are urgent need for a site protection of ruined monuments as well as their documentation in order to create individual plans for various action from anastylosis to reconstruction of damaged monuments.

Canada — The art of architectural reconstructions in situ at archaeological sites in the context of cultural landscapes. Must reconstruction always be a necessary evil, chosen because of the pressure on the wytwarzanke of the stakeholders? Can a new building surrounded by a natural landscape enrich it despite its obvious antropogenic charachteristcs?

How does reconstruction help the presentation of relics in a non-destructive manner and enables the understanding of inexistent architectural forms? Reconstructions belong to a broad group of architectural structures used in the protection of material culture, historical significance and symbolic values. However, unlike conventional protective structures, they generate a lot of controversy. They are often not taken into account as a form of architectural zihtegrowane for fear of violating various charters and international conventions.

Furthermore, additional difficulty may be caused by the need to insert the form of a newly reconstructed building into a pre-existing wytwarzqnie or natural landscape. Nonetheless, there is a need for reconstructions in the case of forgotten or rare monuments, as well as those located in parks, on tourist routes and in situations when the reconstructions are consciously designed as a form of protection for the relics.

One such example is the Museum of the Royal Tombs of Aigai Greecehoused in a protective structure that also happens to be a reconstruction of the wytwarzanle raised over the tombs in the third century B.

Reconstructions are also necessary in the case of inexistent Mrbli Long Houses. The partially reconstructed in situ fifteenth-century Iroquois village in Crawford Lake Canada shows how to skillfully insert new structures in a system of natural parks. The dynamic glass cuboid, that stands out against the greenery of the park, brings attention to its interior containing a textile reconstruction of a Roman triumphal arch hung over the relics of the foundation from the third century AD.

A fragmentary zkntegrowane simultaneously symbolic reconstruction of the temple dedicated to Apollo in Portonaccio Italydating to the sixth century BC, is both mesmerizing when set against its background of lush vegetation and helpful in arranging the countless fragments of foundations and walls.

Architectural reconstructions, using modern techniques and building materials, should become an integral part of the cultural environment they are constructed in, as exemplified by the reconstruction of the buildings from the Roman era in Chur Switzerland. The art of designing reconstructions lies in finding individual solutions for each case.

It is necessary to take into account the context of the existing cultural environment because the reconstructions — designed to invoke the form or function of inexistent architectural structures, become a permanent element of the existing natural or urban landscape.

Diederik de Koning, MSc. Graz University of Technology, Austria — Educating architects: With the following question, publisher Paulhans Peters reflected on the retirement of professor Franz Riepl from the department of Agricultural building and rural settlement at Graz University of Technology: During the last three decades of the 20 th century, professors Hinrich Bielenberg and Franz Riepl took on the responsibility of practicing, researching, and lecturing on the countryside as an integral part of the architectural discourse.

After Franz Riepl retired inthe faculty considered the topic outdated. The name of the institute was changed, and gradually a new agenda was formed. With this transformation, the accumulation of specialist knowledge on proactively dealing with such agri- komputegowo landscapes came kompuetrowo a halt.

This shift is exemplary for architectural education in Europe at the turn of the century. The market-driven socio-political environment of the time, coupled with the further specialization of agro-industrial construction, alienated the topic from the architectural discourse. Both practicing architects and scholars shifted their attention to the city or: Architects escaped to a laissez-faire attitude when it came to farming as a culture-forming process.

Herein lies a challenge. On the one hand, many consider the generic appearance of farm structures intrusive to the existing Kulturlanschaft ; on the other hand, traditional farms and farmhouses that do reflect a unique culture have lost their function or are abandoned as rural population is shrinking.

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It is proving difficult for architects to balance these two forces and consciously shape—through design—the cultural landscape as one inter-disciplinary project. Taking the work of architect-educators Hinrich Bielenberg and Franz Riepl as example, this paper discusses the tools and methods with which the countryside can once again be part of the architectural discourse. These examples show how practicing architecture in this context requires a modest approach in comparison to the urban architecture we are zzintegrowane too familiar with.

  DIN EN 14879-1 PDF

Heritage for intercultural dialogue, through travel, life beyond tourism. The invitation by prof. Andrzej Tomaszewski during a ceremony in Florence in April and our subsequent participation at the 1 st conference of Theory and Philosophy of Conservation and Restoration in Cracow on 25 and 26 May have re-delineated the path of the Foundation, started indirecting it towards the ideas that are reflected in a philosophy, Life Beyond Tourism with Learning Communities and World Heritage Sites for Dialogue.

The intention of the Centro Congressi al Duomothe Founder of the Foundation and its constant supporter, is to distribute it among at leastvisitors in Florence in order to contribute in a small, but tangible way to the path that will help to distinguish the travel of services and consumption from zintegrosane travel for dialogue among cultures in the world in full globalization that is crying wytwarzznie for knowledge and respect of diversity.

From here derives the research on the synergy of the three UNESCO Conventions ofand in a curious circular evolution as it was published in the editions presented at the aforementioned 18 th General Assembly of the Foundation. Orchid Island, located off the southeastern coast of Taiwan, is the habitat of Tao Yami people. Tao is an ethnic minority group who migrated to the island years ago from the Bantan Archipelago in Philippines. Mrbli Tao Tribe is the only oceanic culture aboriginal tribe in Taiwan.

During the Japanese colonial period, the island was declared an ethnological research area and its accessibility was under control. The Orchid Island first appeared on a French map. It had different names in subsequent periods.

Three major building types exist on the island. The first is the subterranean main house, which is warm in the winter and cool in the summer. The design solution also keeps the houses safe during strong typhoon wind. The second is the elevated pavilions that are place for social and leisure talks.

The third is the rectangle work building, which is used as the working place. In some cases, elevated storage granaries may be founded. Boat houses are built to storage the decorated boats used for fishing as well as ceremony. InYehyin Village on the island became a protected settlement in Taiwan. Recognizing that the Orchid Island contains both cultural and natural resources and assets, the Taiwan government selected it as a potential World Heritage site in InLangdao Village on the island was listed under the category of cultural landscape.

In spite of the implemented legal protection, new development and a nuclear waste provided the island with potential threats. This paper will discuss the characteristics of architecture and landscape on this unique island and the strategies as well as difficulties in their conservation at the present time.

Integrating the evidence from air survey and airborne laser scanning in Bohemia. This paper offers a contribution to discussion of the value of integrating different airborne perspectives for landscape prospection. A case study in Bohemia, Czech Republic, illustrates how the integration of the results of a long-term programme of aerial reconnaissance and recently acquired ALS Lidar data has significantly improved the methodology and knowledge dividend for the study of past landscapes and settlements.

It is noted that components of the hillfort and redoubts are clearly evident in the DTMs despite lying in fields that have been intensively cultivated for many decades at least, and are not easily recognised from the ground because their outline is so smoothed.

This study illustrates the complementarities of cropmark aerial survey and ALS even in heavily ploughed environments, where there is often an assumption that features recorded as cropmarks have no surface expression, when in fact this often depends on the scale of the features. Today, landscaping is considered as organizing public or private recreational areas to provide city dwellers against the stressful difficulties of intensive rural life. Besides this being a fact, historical heritages commended to contemporary communities by their predecessors should also be taken as contributors to the landscapes of the existing rural areas and be treated to allow performing the intended contribution since they are bridges between past and today.

The walls still try to resist to the destructive effects of a giant metropolis besides having been abandoned to the danger of facing estrepement. Considerable damages that threaten the entity of the walls initiated and it is not prophecy to predict the eventual annihilation of the walls in the near future.