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Marx, Durkheim and Weber are dead sociologists, but Bauman and May are still with us. Bauman and May’s way of thinking sociologically is to consider our. In this lucid, stimulating and original book, Zygmunt Bauman and Tim May explore the underlying assumptions and tacit expectations which structure our view of. Title, Thinking Sociologically. Author, Zygmunt Bauman. Edition, reprint. Publisher, Blackwell, ISBN, X, Length, pages.

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Figurations are defined, lateras “networks of dependencies”. Read about figures and figurational sociology. Study the difference between action and behaviour. By “reflection and modification” Bauman and May may mean that human beings think about the world and alter it as a result of our thoughts.

Richardson and RobertsEmile Durkheimoutlines Durkheim’s way of thinking sociologically. Robertschapter 6: Bauman and May chapter one. See Lectures on social sociollogically and social identity. That happens in socialisationas we learn to use and know the meaning of language. We are constrained by other people’s expectations of us, including our image of who they think we are.

The image of who we are that we share with other people is a central part of our identity. Living amongst others tninking limits our freedom to think and act just as we please. Bauman and May suggest this can be frustrating, but, as you read through the list, you may think that constraint is not necessarily a bad thing.

Challenges to self-identity can lead sometimes to feelings of alienation, disorientation or homesickness.

Follow this link for an analysis of the theatrical imagery of Mead and other sociologists, linked to their writings. Read what Mead says. Bauman and May chapter two.

Read Simmel’s essay on The Stranger. Link to Goffman’s text. See Georg Simmel and Eriving Goffman. See De Beauvoir sociollogically morality. Or perhaps not such a good idea? Bauman and May chapter three. Louis Wirth speaks of “simple societies” where “local community and neighbourhood are the same. Kinship and common tradition bind people together. In the city, however, this sense of unity may be lost” Wirth, L.

See Weber – organisation – bureaucracy. Bauman and May chapter four. See Weber and types of action. See Weber and types of authority. sociologicallly

Bauman and May chapter five. Bauman and May also compare their thoughts on this issue to the thoughts of Richard Titmus. A study of the changing American character. Bauman and May chapter six. Relate this back to commodities of identity and think about how the media represent bodies, and why.

Sociologiaclly and May chapter seven.

Thinking Sociologically, 2nd Edition

See Bentham – Panopticon – Foucault. Bauman and May chapter eight. Bauman and May chapter nine. Thirty eight years laterJanina Bauman published memoirs of her adolescence in the Warsaw Ghetto, followed by her memoirs of her subsequent life in Poland.

Thinking Sociologically – Zygmunt Bauman – Google Books

It was through reading Janina’s memoirs that Zygmunt confronted the reality of the holocaust and the treatment of Jews during the second world war. His Modernity and The Holocaust was written as a consequence. Bauman and May argue that the following answer is wrong or over-simplified. What do you think? Do you agree with this suggestion? Wikipedia’s symbol for sociology is a diagram representing social networks.

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It says that figurational sociology traces the shape of society by tracing the links between individuals to show how they fit into networks. Emile Durkheim is often thought of as the founder of sociologythe science of society. He developed Rousseau ‘s concept that society is not the sum of its individual members, but is a reality in itself, based on the general will. Durkheim removed this from its origin in State of Nature Theory. He argued that humans are by nature social. Society is not something that came about by individuals joining together.

We have always been part of society. Society is, therefore, a reality which we can study, and Durkheim’s project was to develop the scientific study of it. Max Weber was a German political economist who became a founder of what we call sociology.

However, he was critical of the kind of sociology that treats society as real.

Thinking Sociologically

Weber’s idea about sociology is that it should be baukan theory of social action. Action is something that has meaning to the individual who does it. Sociology should start inside the individual with what his or her actions thiniing to him or her, and work outwards to understanding any laws or regularities that govern the whole of society.

George Herbert Mead left and John Dewey were founding members of the department of philosophy at Chicago University in Action – identity and understanding in everyday life Scribbled notes on Andrew’s copy: Speaking of ‘we’ – Understand: The first three chapters of Bauman and May are about identity. Identity is what something or someone is.

Your identity is who you are. Who do you think you are? While this might seem restrictive and repressive to child-centered educators, Durkheim argues that the very reverse is true. Only by imposing limits can the child be liberated from the inevitable frustrations of incessant striving”. In the eighteenth century, Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote “Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains” By “man”Rousseau means human beings.

Studying the relationship between freedom and constraint is one of the ways that social theorists have studied what makes us human. It was this memory that allowed her never to put down the eighty- fifth leg before the thirty-seventh, or the fifty-second before the nineteenth.

Having been made self-conscious, the poor centipede was no longer able to walk. One’s ‘Self’ with ‘Others’ – sociological perspectives Although we might feel that ‘others’ often constrain our freedom to act -we rely on ‘others’ for our sense of self – of who we are.

Self-identity tjinking who am I? We gain our sense of ‘self’ through our daily interaction with others – through ‘Symbolic Interaction’. George Herbert Meadan American social scientist, argued that human behaviour is the outcome of a complex process involving the use of symbolic forms of communication, such as language.


Our ability to communicate and interact with others, is due to our possession of a ‘self’. But, Mead argued, we are not born with a self. His contribution was to show how a self can develop from our animal nature, and how, as it does, mind the power to think and society emerge as well.

Prejudice Sociologicalyl together what Bauman and May say about prejudice in different parts of Thinking Sociologically At the end of chapter one, Bauman and Zociologically say that societies and groups seek to justify the degree of freedom and lesser degree of dependence that they enjoy in relation to other groups.

They add that “when gaps in our knowledge of others are left, they are frequently filled by prejudice. How sociologists look at these issues is a subject to which we shall turn in chapter 2. Bauman and Mayp. The link to “status of limited humanity” is to the section “Morality and Action”.

Thinking Sociologically by Zygmunt Bauman

Although this section does not use the word prejudice, we can conclude from it that, for Bauman and May, Prejudice is when one group perceives another group as less than human.

Groups and Boundaries By their title, Viewing and Sustaining Our Lives, Bauman and May may be suggesting that we are engaged in a constant battle to sustain maintain our vision of who we are. A battle of identity. This struggle is particularly a feature of the modern urban environment city because in traditional communitieslike villages tinking, everyone knows who bbauman are.

Georg Simmela German social scientist, attempted to create a sociology that is based on forms of interaction between people. He thought of society as a web or network of interactions. An institutionlike the family, was thought of as a routine way in which individuals interact.

Who are the people whose actions play a key role in shaping baujan daily lives – and where are they located in terms of their social distance from us? What conclusions might you draw from this? Husserl wrote about the life world. Bauman and May write about life-worlds on page 9. Zygmunt Bauman described his way of thinking sociologically as hermeneuticswhich has a lot in common with phenomenology. Are these people left and below brought together or baumwn by the peculiarities of their dress?

The Bonds that Unite: Communities, Consensus and Conflict – Organisations, Order and Disorder Chapters three and four are easier to understand if you think about the distinction Bauman and May make between modern and traditional societies.