CRIA DE MOJARRA TILAPIA PDF
Tilapia or mojarra is an African fish very popular in Mexico that was introduced in the country since ; therefore it is considered an exotic species. The word. es la cría de Organismos acuáticos como los peces, moluscos, crustáceos y las plantas acuáticas. Esta actividad supone la intervención en el proceso de.
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Tilapia or mojarra is an African fish very popular in Mexico that was introduced in the country since ; therefore it is considered an exotic species. The word tilapia comes from the word thlape which means fish in Tswana Africa and it is used generally to refer to fish that come from the Cichlidae family. Tilapias have a long and narrow body with a small mouth that does not reach the margin of the eye.
The body measures 3. They can be identified easily for having a dorsal fin shaped like a crest with bones and radii in its terminal portion, as well as a round and truncated caudal fin. Production dde this organism comes both from capture as well as from aquaculture, however the former provides the largest production volume.
Worldwide, tilapia holds the second position in the aquaculture production and there are several species produced in Mexico Table I.
Tilapia species cultivated in Mexico. The breeding of tilapia has become popular given qualities this organism has, its meat has excellent flavor, it is fast growing and has great physical resistance, a high reproductive capacity and it adapts to captivity conditions in tanks with a high density of organisms.
In addition, it accepts a broad range of foods therefore it is highly profitable. Another important feature that has given the breeding of tilapia or sunfish an advantage is that it can develop in water with very little oxygenation, as well as in fresh or brackish waters, therefore it has been cultivated together with other species like shrimp and king prawns, among others.
In Mexico, the breeding of tilapia is performed in extensive, semi-intensive and mojarda systems; this refers to the seeding density, food supply and type of breeding system. Its production is devoted to the repopulation of reservoirs and to human consumption. For the former, tilapia has become an important component of the economy of some regions in Mexico.
Cria De Tilapias Manual Transfer
The diseases that can affect tilapias can be prevented maintaining a high quality environment and reducing stress conditions they can be subjected to. Main diseases that affect tilapia. The production of tilapia holds the fifth position in the fisheries production of Mexico for its volume. However, it holds the third place for its commercial value. The mean annual growth rate of production in the past 10 years is 1. Chart of the participation of the largest Mexican producers of tilapia in the total value of this fish production for data for direct human consumption.
Historical contribution of each Mexican state to the total production of tilapia for the period. The United States is the main importer of tilapia worldwide, participating with The price trend in this market has increased slightly in parallel to its demand.
In Mexico, tilapias are widely accepted and demanded, it is sold in weights of g and it is marketed in the farm, markets and local restaurants. Inthe production of tilapia was 75, tons of live weight, with a value of 1, pesos. In large cities the product can only fulfill the requirements of the local market. Likewise, the imports have replaced consumption of the national products therefore new strategies to increase its consumption and added value will have to be devised.
Among these are the creation of new processing and presentation proposals for tilapia, as well as foster and support research on the breeding of tilapia, promoting the use of genetically improved species in order to obtain high yields cris the cultures due to their rapid growth, low reproduction rate, resistance to diseases and optimal food conversion.
Variability of tilapias introduce in Mexico, morphometric, meristic and genetic characters. The information hereby provided is purely informative. GBC Group is not responsible for the use by third parties will be given. Spanish Join the network Links of interest Contact.