August 16, 2020 0 Comments

Author: Halaçoğlu, Yusuf [Browse]; Format: Book; Language: Turkish; Published/ ​Created: Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu, Description: x, p., [42] p. of. Yusuf Halaçoğlu has 11 books on Goodreads with ratings. Yusuf Halaçoğlu’s most popular book is تهجير الأرمن (): الوثائق والحقيقة. Ermeni tehciri by Yusuf Halaçoğlu(Book) 11 editions published between and in Turkish and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide.

Author: Nirn Turisar
Country: Senegal
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 25 April 2010
Pages: 332
PDF File Size: 5.41 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.67 Mb
ISBN: 304-1-76286-789-8
Downloads: 60045
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mugor

The law about the migration of Armenians known as the Deportation Law was prepared on 27 May with the initiations of the Internal Affairs Minister Talat Bey and decided by the Assembly of Ministers on 1 June and put into force.

The law was tried to be implemented in a period when the war was on with all its speed. The Ottoman Empire avoided a negative attitude towards Armenians who were its own citizens in this fragile atmosphere.

The deportation and placement issue emerging suddenly was being implemented within the framework of regulations specially enacted by the Internal Affairs Ministry Directorate of Placement of Tribes and Immigrants.

For the placements of Armenians to be carried out justly, Internal Affairs Minister Talat Bey listed the precautions to be taken by the abovementioned directorate as: Until their final placements in their destinations, they will be supported from the immigrant fund for their living.

Houses will be constructed by the government for immigrants. Seed will be given to farmers hapaolu tools and material will be given to artisans.

Cumhuriyet’in Ermeni fişlemesi ilk kez gün ışığında

The portable properties and assets that they left behind will be brought to them; in case this is not possible the price for these will be given in money. The real estates belonging to Armenians in the cities haloalu towns evacuated will be counted and these will be given to other immigrants placed in the village after determining the types, amounts and values of them. The properties that the immigrants to be placed in the villages evacuated by Armenians can use, which are unmovable properties to bring income such as olive groves, mulberry groves, yards and gardens, inns, factories, storage and shops, will be sought or rented by auction; the income to be obtained will be recorded to safety by subdivision of treasury to be given to their owners BOA, MVMNr: The Ottoman government had left some regions outside of the deportation law in the beginning.

At this stage, it was seen that some Armenians converted. Despite ahlaolu good intentions of the government, it was seen that some of the converted Armenians participated in terrorist activities and helped Armenian guerrilla groups, though they halaolk submitted their conversion documents to the office of shayh al-islam. Internal Affairs Minister Talat Bey asked in his ordinance dated 11 September that the lonely families whose men were subject to transfer are placed in the villages and towns where no Armenians or wrmeni live and are tehckri some money for their living.

Also, children who were younger than 10 years old and were not subject to transfer would be placed in orphanages.

In case the orphanages were not sufficient, they would be given to wealthy Muslim families where their education and life were ensured.

During the deportation, all kinds of needs of Armenians were met, precautions were taken for their security, and food stocks were put in ranges and stations on the migration routes. While the government sent funds to the provinces in concern, foreign diplomats and missionaries helped the immigrants within the knowledge of the government Babacan, With the commands sent to the provinces, it was asked that the debts of Armenians to individuals or to the states are either delayed or completely written off.

It was asked that girls up to 20 years old and boys up to 10 years old who were not migrated, distributed to Muslim villages and given as adopted children to families here and so their security was ensured.


Armenian deputies and their families were also left in their own places. Internal Affairs Minister Talat Bey determined the points to be careful about during the placements with the instructions dated 28 August The report of the Directorate of Placement of Tribes and Immigrants which organized the deportation contains striking information about the applications carried out about Armenian orphans during the transfer.

TASAM | Robert College of Constantinople and the American College fo

According to this report, orphaned children who are in miserable conditions and yehciri with death in the high mountains, village ruins, ways and cities of war halalu come across and the state hastily founded orphanages to protect their lives and took all of them under protection.

When the conditions of the period are considered, the application to build such an institution and hold them onto their life is a proof that the understanding of the social state was maintained Babacan Some Armenian women were assigned as caretakers and governesses. Similar activities were carried out in neighbouring cities as well.

When the number of immigrants increased in the southern provinces where Armenians were migrated, the administrators in the region started to have difficulties in the supply of food, accommodation and placements of soldiers and people under their responsibility.

Of course in the meantime, the protection of orphaned Armenians and lonely women who were in need became difficult. For this reason, the necessity for the orphaned children not to be sent to this region anymore and the return of those coming already here to inner region appeared. This kind of placement continued till the end of the war. However, among Armenian children who lost their parents directly or indirectly due to the war, those whose parents were found were returned to their parents Atnur Although the leader of the activities concerning Armenian children was Internal Affairs Minister Talat Bey, the Fourth Army Commander Celal Pasha who was responsible for the region where Armenians were migrated to also holds an important position in this process.

It is emphasized in domestic and foreign sources that Celal Pasha carried out important activities for Armenians and their orphans in Syria and Lebanon, although he was under blockade by the Allied Forces in a period when the Turkish Army, Arabs and Armenians coming to the region were facing hunger.

One of the significant activities of Cemal Pasha was to gather Armenian orphans in an orphanage he founded in the Ain Toura Monastery and make sure they were taken care of and educated Atnur When the available orphanages, schools and newly-built buildings were not sufficient to raise the Armenian orphans, the state founded orphanages in some monasteries. Although the government wanted orphans to be kept away from missionaries and took military and administrative precautions against this and thought of getting rid of them by preventing American and German missionaries to transform their schools left without students due to the deportations of Armenians into orphanages, they allowed and even supported these activities of American missionaries because of impossibilities.

Türkiye’nin ‘son Ermeni köyü’ Vakıflı Köyü’nün öyküsü

Similarly, the facts that there were Armenian orphanages in Istanbul and some Armenians formed orphanages in religious buildings show that the Turkish government did not avoid benefitting from Armenian institutions in solving the problems concerning Armenians orphans Atnur It drew attention that Armenian orphans were primarily placed in institutions and orphanages where they could get the education of their own religion; those not placed were given to Armenian families and if this was also insufficient, they were given to Muslim families.

It is not fair to evaluate the fact that lonely Armenian children were raised according to Islamic traditions in Muslim families as a policy to Islamize them. A government following such a goal cannot be expected to place orphans in schools or orphanages under Armenian control or foreign responsibility.

Moreover, the students registered to Muslim orphanages and given Muslim names by the law were not given religious education. It was natural that these children young in age were influenced by the religion of the families whose houses they were staying in. It should be considered that all of these were carried out so that the children would continue their lives Babacan Rather than religious suppressions or infusions, the most urgent needs of Armenian children to be able to stay alive was food.

  JBL 4208 PDF

Despite all of these precautions and instructions desired to be implemented, attacks on immigrants could not be prevented in some regions. Though it is natural to see such disorder and lack of discipline in war conditions, the Internal Affairs Ministry immediately opened investigations against those having abusive and malevolent behaviours; they were sent to Martial Court to be tried, and those who were proven guilty of the offense were punished with the heaviest penalties.

The Application of Deportation and Settlement. Precautions to Protect the Immigrants Internal Affairs Minister Talat Bey determined the points to be careful about during the placements with the instructions dated 28 August Groups departing with carts or on foot will be taken to the nearest railway station and will be transferred by train to the places they are going to be placed in.

When those subject to deportation arrive in the train stations, women and orphans whose patriarchs are soldiers or who do not have anybody to take care of them will not be deported to another place and will be placed in cities, towns or villages near the station on the condition that they report this to the authorities with their official documents.

Catholic and Protestant Armenians who do not want to change their places will also benefit from this right. Food would be supplied during the transfer to Armenians to be placed in other places and those poor people who cannot afford buying food during the journey would be given free food.

The security of Armenians will be ensured during the transfer. The needs of pregnant women and new-born babies will ermemi met. The patients will be examined by doctors every day and quality food will be given to the poor. The officers behaving on the contrary would hold the complete liability for these attitudes of them. Among the applications of those who do not want to leave their places or want to return to their places, those which suggest a legitimate reason would be sent to Internal Affairs Ministry after the opinions of the officers are also considered and they would act according to the response given by the Ministry.

Patients, the balaolu and children will be given priority to travel by train.

Those staying out of these will be transferred to their destinations by carts and mules or halallu foot. During the journey, each group will have a guard and officer of necessities. Any attack against Armenians during the migration or placement will immediately be prevented.

Those attacking will be arrested and sent to the Martial Court and will be punished by the heaviest penalty. In case the civil officers under the surveillance of official officers neglect their duties or abuse them, the official officers will be responsible for this situation and they will be punished by pay cut and if repeated, by degradation of rank and degradation of salary.

The officers who get gifts or bribe from those subject to migration, exploit women by promise or threat or have unlawful relations with them will immediately be dismissed and punished by the heaviest penalty after being sent to the Martial Court.

Children and Women The report of the Directorate of Placement of Tribes and Immigrants which organized the deportation contains striking information about the applications carried out about Armenian orphans during the transfer.

Protests and Anarchy Armenians and the International System: