EVERSION GLANDULAR CERVICAL PDF
Cervical ectropion, or cervical ectopy, is when the soft cells (glandular cells) that line the inside of the cervical canal spread to the outer surface of your cervix. Glandular cells are red, so the area may look red. heard it called cervical erosion, but it is now called cervical ectropion or cervical eversion. The cervix, the lower fibromuscular portion of the uterus, measures cm in to the eversion of the columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix, when the cervix . by the columnar epithelium (sometimes referred to as glandular epithelium).
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Also known as cervical erosion, cervical ectropion is not usually a health concern. However, because of the way it looks, it can be hard to distinguish from the early stages of cervical cancer.
Colposcopy and treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a beginners manual
For this reason, it is essential to understand the difference between the two conditions. This article explores the causes, symptoms, and treatments for cervical ectropion. Glxndular also considers how it differs from cervical cancer and chlamydia. A woman’s cervix has different sorts of cells on the outside vaginal portion than it does on the inside the cervical canal.
The soft cells on the inside of the cervix are known as glandular cells, but the medical term for them is columnar epithelium. The hard cells on the outside of the cervix are known as squamous epithelial cells. Most women only have glandular cells on fervical inside of their cervix. Cervical ectropion is when the glandular cells appear on the outside of the cervix. The area on the outside of the cervix where glandular cells come into contact with squamous epithelial cells is called the transformation zone or the stratified squamous epithelium.
The primary symptom of cervical everaion is a red, inflamed patch at the neck of the cervix — the transformation zone. The transformation zone looks red and inflamed because the glandular cells are red, delicate, and easily irritated.
It is important to note that cervical ectropion is not the only cause of symptoms such as these. If a woman has any of the above symptoms, it is a good idea to speak with a doctor to rule out more serious causes. The symptoms of cervical ectropion are caused by the delicate glandular cells that appear on the outside of the cervix.
They produce mucus and bleed easily, which may lead to spotting and pain during or after sexual activity. Women may worry that cervical ectropion may be related to other conditions that affect the cervix. The red, inflamed appearance of the cervix in women who have cervical ectropion may look similar to early signs of cervical cancer. However, the two conditions are not related.
Cervical ectropion is not caused by cancer and is not an early symptom of evsrsion cancer.
Cervical ectropion: What you need to know
If a woman is spotting or experiencing cervical pain and is unsure that cervical ectropion is the cause, a doctor can do a pelvic examination or recommend a Pap test. Having cervical ectropion does not mean a woman has chlamydia.
However, a study found that women under 30 with cervical ectropion had a higher rate of chlamydial infection than those who did not. It is a good idea for women to be tested regularly for sexually transmitted infections STIsparticularly chlamydia and gonorrheawhich may not have any apparent symptoms.
Most people with cervical ectropion are not aware they have it. It is usually diagnosed when a doctor carries out a routine pelvic examination. Cervical ectropion and cervical cancer are not related. However, the cervix of a woman with cervical ectropion may look similar to that of a woman with early-stage cervical cancer.
For this reason, the doctor will need to rule out cervical cancer if a woman’s cervix looks redder or more inflamed than usual.
They may carry out the following tests:. In this reviewresearchers noted that there is no data to support routine treatment for cervical ectropion. However, doctors may recommend it if symptoms are bothersome. If a woman is experiencing symptoms, such as pain or bleeding, a fversion may recommend cauterization.
This is a painless method of removing the glandular cells on the outside of the cervix. While cauterization usually resolves the symptoms of cervical ectropion, a doctor may need to repeat the procedure if the symptoms return. After the treatment, the doctor may recommend that a woman avoids some sexual activity and using tampons for up to 4 weeks.
After this time, her cervix should have healed. If a woman experiences any of the following after the treatment, she should go back to the doctor:. These symptoms may indicate an infection or another underlying condition, so a woman should not ignore them. Cervical ectropion is cervidal a harmful condition and does not usually have any medical complications. It cergical not related to cancer and is not harmful to evversion baby or the woman if she is pregnant.
The condition typically resolves itself on its own, and many women may not even know they have it. If symptoms are bothersome, cauterization is usually an effective treatment. If a woman has any concerns about cervical pain, bleeding during or efersion sex, or unusual discharge, it is a good idea to talk to a doctor. Article last reviewed by Mon 11 December All references evresion available in the References tab. Is cryotherapy friend or foe for symptomatic cervical ectopy?
Medical Principles and Practice25 18— Cervical ectropion cervical erosion. Evidence for benefits from treating cervical ectopy: Sao Paulo Medical Journal2— Assessment of symptomatic women. What you need to know. MNT is the registered glandulqr mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published eversioj this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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Register for a free account Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. Register take the tour. The cervix is the narrow part of the uterus that joins the top of the vagina. Cervical ectropion may be caused by taking the contraceptive pill.
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