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Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim (Arabic:غُرَرُ الحِکَم و دُرَرُ الکَلِم) is a collection of short quotations from Imam ‘Ali (a) that was compiled by Abu. Ghorar al Hikam. We feel great pleasure to put this book in App form in English language, which has all the traditions from Ameerul Momeneen H. Ali (a.s.). The Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim (Arabic: غرر الحکم و درر الکلم lit. The Nahj al-Balagha (Arabic: نهج البلاغة Nahj-ul Balāgha(h), Arabic pronunciation.

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It contains about 11, short sayings. This work has recently been translated into English.

Ghurar al-Hikam includes gjurar and aphorisms of Ali ibn Abi Talib. However Nasir Makarem Shirazi says this book can not be used as a reference because Tamimi has omitted the references of its hadiths. There are many Persian translations of this book and the only available commentary of this book is written by Agha Jamal Kwansari.

Tahir Ridha Jaffer has translated this work in English. Al-Jafr is a mystical Shia holy book[1][2] compiled, according to Shia belief, by Ali and inherited by him from Muhammad.

The later Imams were accustomed to refer at times to the sacred and secret book of al-Jafr, which was left in their keeping by Ali and belief in the existence of al-Jafr with the Imams was firm, according to the Shia.

The Nahj al-Balagha Arabic: Also, he nominated to the balance between rights and duties by a deep discussion and believed that “greater responsibilities result in greater rights”.

Equitable treatment with women in society ha These short sayings have been collected from various books hokam as Nah The Rashidun were eit The event of Ghadir Khumm Arabic and Persian: While returning from the Hajj pilgrimage, the Islamic prophet Muhammad gathered all the Muslims who were with him and gave a long sermon.

In the sermon, Muhammad announced that Ali ibn Abi Talib would be his successor. This sermon included Muhammad’s famous declaration that “to whomsoever I am Mawla, Ali is also their Mawla.

Completed My favor upon you, and have chosen For you Islam as your Religion. S which is said to have been given to ghurqr by the Islamic Prophet Ihkam, according to Shi’ite tradition. It hika historically frequently depicted as a scissor-like double bladed sword on Muslim flags, and it is commonly shown in Shi’ite depictions of Ali and in the form of jewelry functioning as talismans as a scimitar terminating in two points.

Middle Eastern weapons are commonly inscribed with a quote mentioning Zulfiqar,[1] and Middle Eastern swords are at times made with a split tip in reference to the weapon.

The meaning of the name is unclear. The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah Arabic: It helped ghurwr decrease tension between the two cities, affirmed a year peace, and authorised Muhammad’s followers to return the following year in a peaceful pilgrimage, later known as The First Pilgrimage. His companions in Madinah were delighted when he told them about it. They all revered Mecca and the Ka’bah and they yearned to do tawaf there. InMuhammad and a group of 1, Muslims marched peacefully without arms towards Mecca, in an attempt to perform the Umrah pilgrimage.

They were dressed as pilgrims, and brought sacrificial animals, hoping that the Quraish would honour the Arabian custom of allow He ruled as the fourth caliph from tobut is regarded as the rightful immediate successor to Hjkam as an Imam by Shia Muslims.

Born to Abu Talib[8] and Fatimah bint Asad,[1] Ali is the only person to be born in the sacred sanctuary of the Kaaba in Hijam, the holiest place in Islam.

Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim (book) – WikiShia

After migrating to Medina, he married Muhammad’s daughter Fatimah. Ali, who was then 62 or 63 years of age, died due to his injuries two days after Ibn Muljam struck him on his head by a poison-coated sword, on the 21 or 19 Ramadan 40 AH 28 January CE. Ali became the caliph after the assassination of Uthman in However he faced opposition from some factions including the Levant governor, Muawiyah I.


A civil war, called the First Fitna, took place within the early Islamic state which resulted in the overthrow of the Rashidun caliphs and the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty. It began when the caliph Uthman ibn Affan was assassinated in and continued through the four-year reign of Ali. The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques.

Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the last of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost hikqm authority on the Qur’an gghurar Fiqh Islamic jurisprudence. Shi’a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad’s son-in-law.

Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim | Revolvy

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the househol Ali was the caliph between and CE, Ali was the 4th caliph. He reigned over the Rashidun empire which extended from Central Asia in the east to North Africa in the west.

He became known as a both just and fair ruler.

Selection as Caliph Ali is credited as the first male to convert to Islam. After the assassination of the third Caliph, Uthman Ibn Affan, at the close of the Siege of Uthman, the selection of a new Caliph encountered difficulties.

The rebels, comprising Muhajerin, Ansar, Egyptians, Kufans and Basntes, and the Kharijites, were divided between three candidates: Ali, Talhah and Al-Zubayr. First they referred to Ali and asked him to accept the caliphate. Also some Sahaba tried to persuade him to The Sanctuary of Imam ‘Ali Arabic: According to Shi’ite belief,[1] buried next to Ali within this mosque are the remains of Adam and Noah.

Each year millions of pilgrims visit the Shrine and pay tribute to Imam Ali. History An aerial view of the mosque The Abassid Caliph Harun al-Rashid built the first structure over the gburar of Imam ‘Ali inwhich included a green dome.

The Caliph Al-Mutawakkil flooded the site inbut Abu’l-Hayja, the Hamdanid ruler of Mosul and Aleppo, rebuilt the shrine inwhich included a large dome. Inhikm Buyid dynasty Shi’i sovereign ‘Adud al-Dawla, expanded the shrine, which included a cenotaph over the burial site and a new dome. The history of Quran refers to the oral revelation of the Quran to Islamic prophet Muhammad and its subsequent written compilation into a manuscript.

It spans several decades and forms an important part of early Islamic history. According to Muslim belief and Islamic scholarly accounts, the revelation of the Quran began in C. Throughout his life, Up continued to have revelations until before his death in For this reason, the Quran as it exists today is also known as the Uthmanic codex. According to Professor Francis Edward Peterswhat was done to the Quran in the process seems to have been extremely conservative and the content was formed in a mechanical This is ghurrar parallel sub-article to Ali and Sunni.

Sunnis maintain that Ali hikamm among the first males to convert to Islam, when he was 8 years old and he was among the closest companions hioam the Islamic prophet, Muhammad at the time and to Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s closest companion. He is also revered in many hadiths of Muhammad such as the famous hadith: Examples include taking on the Quraish champion at the Battle of the Trench when nobody else dared.

The Rashidun Caliphate Arabic: It was ruled by the first four successive caliphs successors of Muhammad after his death in CE AH This term is not used in Shia Islam as Shia Muslims do not consider the rule of the first three caliphs as legitimate.


The Rashidun Army at its peak numbered more thanmen. By the s, the caliphate in addition to the Arabian Peninsula had subjugated the Levant, to the Transcaucasus in the north; North Africa from Egypt to present-day Tunisia in the west; and the Iranian plateau to parts of Central Asia and Sout The main subject of this book is discussing Hadith of the pond of Khumm according to Sunni documents. In order to do so, Amini has gathered the narrations of companions Sahaba as well as 40 followers of Muhammad about the event.

He then states the related Hadiths narrated by Hadit narrators between 2nd to 14th centuries of Islamic calendar.

Ghurar Al-Hikam

Amini, in writing the book, traveled to different countries in order to take advantage of the libraries there among which were India, Iraq, Pakistan, Morocco, Egypt and some others. The first print of Al-Ghadir book uul in Najaf City and developed by 9 volumes.

The letter advises Malik al-Ashtar how to treat the people of Egypt justly. Amr ibn al-As, one of Mu’awiyah’s companions, wanted to become the governor of Egypt. Ali wrote back assuring him that he would send his best general and one of his closest ghyrar, Malik al-Ashtar. I have absolute trust in you.

Use gentleness in its place and intensity in its place. Shia Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Uul Sunnis in the Arab world reserve the term sharif or “sherif” for descendants of Hasan ibn Ali, while sayyid is used for descendants of Husayn ibn Ali.

Both Hasan ghhurar Husayn are grandchildren of Muhammad, through the marriage of his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatima. However ever u, the post-Hashemite era began, the term sayyid has been used to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn.

Arab Shiites use the terms sayyid and habib to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn; see als The book has written by Ibn Shahr Ashub, a Shiite scholar. He had the reputation of being the greatest Shiite scholar of his time and was highly thought of even by the Sunnis. He also wrote books such as Al Maalim.

Subject The book is on virtues and characters of Muhammad, twelfth Imams and companions of Muhammad. Motive The Author mentioned reasons for writing the book such as Challenge between Shia and Sunni on Imamate or leadership, distorted narrations by some narrators on the subject of Imamate of Ali.

Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim (book)

By calling so, they call regard Ali as a right mediator of grace between people and the God. Many of Shias mention that make their practices sacred by using such expression.

By saying “Ya Ali” they mean that: The Qur’anic verse which mentions to “seek the means of nearness “, namely the following verse: Shi’ite scholars also believe other Imams have been referred in the Quran. They believe Imams are referred to as “the signs of Allah, the way, the straight path, the light of Allah, the inheritors of the Book, the people of knowledge, the holders of authority and other such designations,”[1][2] Shi’ite sources state, Muhammad al-Baqir answers: It was subsequently released on DVD, with other editions including one with English sub-titles, and one dubbed into Urdu.

The series covers the events before the caliphate of Ali ibn Abi Talib to his assassination in Kufa, Iraq.