JOHN GERARD HERBALL PDF
John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().
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John Gerard – Wikipedia
Behold, I gave you all the plants that exist that bear seeds. Lest the Author of the divine work would evade you, any plant should show God as present. The herbal genre dates back to antiquity, but it was during the period from to that it bloomed. Renaissance botanists attacked medieval herbals for their inaccuracies and sought to correct those errors in new editions, as well as to restore classical publications that were considered to be poorly edited and unfaithfully reproduced by medieval scholars.
In addition to the general desire for greater accuracy in publication, the discovery of previously unknown plants brought over from the Americas familiarized botanists with the concept of geographical variation and distribution, broadening the scope of the genre. Although Renaissance herbalists were critical of medieval practices, they inherited the tradition of plant portraiture from their predecessors.
The tradition was much improved by this new wave of herbalists who used illustrations drawn from actual plants, rather than stock images privileging mythological or emblematic considerations, which were useless for identification purposes. Norton commissioned a new translation of D. He arranged to rent woodblocks illustrating plants from continental publisher Nicholaus Bassaeus, who previously used a series of impressive illustrations in Eicones plantarum by Jacob Theodor otherwise known as Tabernaemontanus.
After the first commissioned author died, leaving the volume unfinished, Norton hired Gerard to finish the work. Gerard wrote his text to fit the previously-printed continental woodblocks, explaining how many included plants are heball that are not native to England.
Thomas Johnson quickly revised the text, which was issued in and was received so well that it was published again in John Gerard was born in Nantwich, Cheshire around Herball is known about his upbringing and education but it is known that he attended school in Willaston, close to Nantwich. He was the hernall to suggest that the Barber-Surgeons keep a garden for the study of plants but the suggestion was never taken up.
Gerard published several texts on herbals, including the Catalogus arborum, fruticum, ac plantarum tam indigenarumwhich is said to be the first print catalogue of all the plants in a single garden, but he is best known for The Herballfirst published in Thomas Johnson was born just before the turn of the century at Selby in Yorkshire.
Although nothing is known about his childhood, it is presumed he received a good education. He was apprenticed to William Bell, a London apothecary, inand joined the Freedom of the Society of Apothecaries in While an apprentice, he traveled and found several previously unknown plants in Britain, then continued his botanical explorations and published two books on the subject: Above and beyond his work as an apothecary, he wrote frequently and edited and contributed to works of contemporaries.
He was a mindful editor: Several of the leaves of plants featured in the book are pressed in this copy, including between pages and and and The Herball not only introduced newly discovered plants to England, but also contributed new words to the English language to accommodate these additions.
Many of the pages are mis-numbered, including: In addition, what should be page 33 is numbered 29, and so forth, so that all pages following the 33rd page are four numbers off. Leaves Nnnn6 and Yyyy4 are missing from this copy, as are several leaves from the appended Index Latinus and Nominum quorandam.
Several leaves feature marginalia of various hands. David Hoeniger, former director of the Centre from — and — Randall McLeod for consultation.
The Text The herbal genre dates back to antiquity, but it was during the period from to that it bloomed. The English Language The Herball not only introduced newly discovered plants to England, but also contributed new words to the English language to accommodate these additions. Bibliographic Description See collation and pagination above for further detail.